Adverb (क्रिया विशेषण) – सम्पूर्ण जानकारी एवं उदाहरण | Adverb in Hindi

Adverb in Hindi

जो शब्द किसी Verb, Adjective, दुसरे Adverb या पुरे वाक्य की विशेषता प्रकट करता हो, तो उसे Adverb कहते है.

The word which modifies a verb, an adjective, another adverb or a full sentence is called Adverb. 

Or

An adverb is a word which qualifies an adjective, a verb or another Adverb. 

Example:- 

  • She speaks English fluently.
  • She sings sweetly.
  • Mohan came quickly.
  • He reads slowly

Note:-

English, Sing, Came and Reads के विशेषता को Adver ( Fluently, Sweetly, Quickly और slowly) प्रकट कर रहा है. इसलिए ये सभी Adverb है. 

Note:- 

अंग्रेजी वाक्य में Adverb की बनावट कुछ इस प्रकार होते है. 

  1. Verb + Adverb
    Ex:- He is walking slowly.
  2. Helping Verb + Adverb + Main Verb
    Ex:- he is not Reading.
  3. Adverb + Adjective + Noun
    Ex:- you are a very good boy.
  4. Adverb + A Sentence
    Ex:- Fortunately no one was injured in the car accident. 

Note:- 

हिंदी वाक्य में Adverb उसी वाक्य के पहले होता है जिसे वह Modify करता है. 

Classification Of Adverb ( क्रिया विशेषण का प्रकार)

Adverb को सात प्रमुख वर्गों में विभाजित किया गया है. 

  1. Adverb of Time (काल वाचक क्रिया विशेषण) 
  2. Adverb of Frequency (बारम्बारता वाचक क्रिया विशेषण)
  3. Adverb of Place (स्थान वाचक क्रिया विशेषण)
  4. Adverb of Manner (रिती वाचक क्रिया विशेषण)
  5. Adverb of Degree (परिणाम वाचक क्रिया विशेषण)
  6. Adverb of Sentence ( वाक्य वाचक क्रिया विशेषण)
  7. Adverb of Affirmation and Negation 

1. Adverb of Time (काल वाचक क्रिया विशेषण) 

Adverbs of time tell the time of an action. 

जिस Adverb से समय का बोध हो, तो वह Adverb of Time कहलाता है. 

Yesterday, today, tomorrow, then, now, ago, before, just, just now, late, early, soon, shortly, इत्यादि इसके उदाहरण है. 

Example:-

  • I shall be back tomorrow.
  • They went yesterday.
  • Do it now.
  • Why do you always come late

Note:- 

 Adverb of time सवाल का जवाब देता है. “When”

अवश्य पढ़े,

शब्द-भेद (Parts of Speech)

Noun एवं भेद

Pronoun के प्रकार एवं परिभाषा

Adjective क्या है एवं भेद

Verb एवं प्रकार

2. Adverb of Frequency (बारम्बारता वाचक क्रिया विशेषण)

Adverbs of frequency tell how frequent an action is done.

Adverb of Frequency से यह बोध होता है कि कई कार्य कब / कैसे और कितनी बार होता है. 

Once, twice, firstly, secondly, again, never, seldom, sometimes, often, always इत्यादि Adverb of Frequency के उदाहरण है. 

जैसे:- 

  • I go to her frequently.
  • I seldom visit any public place.
  • We really find such a talent. 
  • I never visit movies. 

Note:-

Adverb of frequency निम्न प्रश्न का उत्तर देता है. जैसे:- How often, How many

3. Adverb of Place (स्थान वाचक क्रिया विशेषण)

Adverbs of place tell where or in what direction an action is done. 

Adverb of place से स्थान का बोध होता है और यह पता चलता है कि कार्य कहा हुआ, कहा हो रहा है और कहा होगा.

Here, there, inside, down, up, in, out, near, away, indoors, outdoors, outside, far इत्यादि Adverb of Place के उदाहरण है. 

Example:- 

  • Come here.
  • Go there.
  • The doctor is out.
  • My father is out of station. 

Note:- 

Adverb of Place निम्न प्रश्न का उत्तर देता है जैसे:- Where or in what direction.

4. Adverb of Manner (रिती वाचक क्रिया विशेषण)

Adverbs of manner tell in what manner an action is done. 

Adverb of Manner से किसी के ढंग या रिती का बोध होता है और पता चलता है कि कार्य कैसे हुआ.

Beautifully, clearly, badly, sweetly, loudly, carefully, timidly, any how इत्यादि Adverb of Manner के उदाहरण है.

Example:- 

  • she gave me money reluctantly. (उसने मुझे अनिच्छा से पैसे दिए.)
  • She walks beautifully
  • They study carefully.
  • He speaks loudly

Note:- 

Adjective of quality में + ly जोड़कर Adverb of Manner बनाया जाता है. 

इसे भी पढ़े,

Preposition एवं उदाहरण

Conjunction के प्रकार एवं उदाहरण

Interjection क्या है

5. Adverb of Degree (परिणाम वाचक क्रिया विशेषण)

Adverbs of Degree tell the degree of action, quantity of an action and extent of an action. 

डिग्री के क्रियाविशेषण एक क्रिया की मात्रा और क्रिया की सीमा को बताते हैं. 

Or

Adverb of Degree से कितना, किस हद तक जैसे प्रश्नों का उत्तर मिलता है. 

Almost, very, quite, too, fully, enough, pretty, partly, rather, so, well, whole, nearly इत्यादि Adverb of Degree के उदाहरण है. 

Example:- 

  • She is extremely beautiful.
  • You are quite handsome.
  • You are right to a great extent.
  • You are partly right. 

Note:- 

Adverb of Degree निम्न प्रश्न का उत्तर देता है जैसे:- How much.

6. Adverb of Sentence  ( वाक्य वाचक क्रिया विशेषण)

Adverbs of Sentence tell the reason for action.

वाक्य के विशेषण क्रिया के कारण बताते है उसे Adverb of Sentence कहते है. 

Or

जो Adverb पुरे वाक्य को modify करता है, उसे Adverb of Sentence कहते है. 

Generally, personally, finally, luckily, fortunately इत्यादि Adverb of Sentence के उदाहरण है. 

Example:- 

  • Generally, two and two is four.
  • Personally, you can solve this.
  • Luckly, you won the lottery.
  • Finally, your brother passed the examination. 

7. Adverb of Affirmation and Negation 

The Adverbs which express positive or negative answers are called Adverbs of Affirmation or Negation. 

जो Adverbs सकारात्मक या नकारात्मक उत्तर व्यक्त करते हैं, उन्हें Adverbs of Affirmation या Negation कहा जाता है. 

Not, surely, certainly, indeed, by, no, means, not at all, yes-no probably इत्यादि Adverb of Affirmation and Negation के उदाहरण है. 

Example:- 

  • She did not come after all
  • Surely he is right. 
  • Yes, I will come in time. 
  • Probably, it may rain today. 

Conclusion

Adverb in Hindi में प्रतियोगिता परीक्षा एवं जानकारी के माध्यम से यह इसका विस्तार किया है जो अपने आप में एक महत्वपूर्ण भूमिका निभाता है. Adverb की जानकारी अंग्रेजी में मजबूत पकड़ बनाने के लिए प्रयाप्त है. इसलिए इसका अध्ययन ध्यानपूर्वक करे और याद रखे.

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